BUDGET DIGEST: Status of FY2021 Appropriations Bills

The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2019 (BBA 2019) established the topline, base discretionary spending level for the appropriations bills for fiscal year (FY) 2020 and FY 2021. Commonly referred to as the 302(a) allocation, the caps-constrained appropriations spending level for FY 2021 is $1.298 trillion. Earlier this month, the Appropriations Committee released its suballocations, known as 302(b)s, for each of the 12 spending bills.

This week, the House will consider four of the 12 appropriations bills in a single bill, known as a minibus. The minibus, H.R. 7608, includes the following appropriations bills: Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies; Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies; Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies; and State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs.

Cap Adjustments. The BBA 2019 included a mechanism, called cap adjustments, to fund specific programs above—or outside of— the spending caps. The current cap adjustments in law include the following: Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO), emergency funding, program integrity efforts, disaster relief, wildfire suppression efforts, and the 2020 census.

The table below illustrates both base and cap-adjusted spending in the minibus being considered this week on the House Floor. The minibus includes $48.2 billion in spending outside of the BBA 2019 spending caps.